Boom of foreigners. Employment, start-ups.
For this reason, more than one in 10 students in Italy choose Milan for the degree. A tour that produces wealth, promises, development and even business.
Milan for everyone is fashion, the Duomo, design and happy hour.
Few stop to evaluate the city for its universities. We at Old Fashion, on the other hand, are well aware of this, because for years we have focused two of our midweek nights on the university in Milan: on Wednesdays with internationalweek ( for over twenty years ) and the start up: Just Wine on Thursday evening. And it seems obvious that it is inside the universities that today rises that centrality lost with the scandal of ” Tangentopoli ” and its salons of power.
The 183 thousand students, the 36,320 employees between professors and secretaries and the 400 thousand square meters occupied only by the Polytechnic, create a market of apartments and beds for “off-site” and the Milanese faculties become in fact a metropolis in the metropolis. Changing the appearance of entire neighborhoods, generating new needs and needs for integration ( and Wednesday’s Internationalweek is a concrete example ) and attract capital, which imports young people from abroad and throws the seeds of new startups.
Capital of degrees
13% of the national total of university freshmen chose Milan to move towards graduation. To understand the reason for this success, just look at the number of applicants for the faculties to “closed number“: the average test of the Politecnico Engineering takes place on the first 20,000 years. In 2011 there were just over 7 thousand, for the same number of places. What’s so special about the Milanese university? Simple: ensures work, from certainties. For some specific addresses – for example – employment after graduation is 100 percent. A stimulus difficult to underestimate!
But there is also quality. Milan competes with the rest of the world, not only with Italy. Research, for engineering, economics, design and medicine, attracts funds of excellence and European awards. And the new generation of rectors “make the system”, creating a third way between cooperation and competition between public and private universities, together: Bocconi, Cattolica, Humanitas, Politecnico, Statale, San Raffaele, Bicocca.
Assessors, executives, academies ( from Naba to Marangoni, to the Conservatory ), the Chamber of Commerce, Cariplo Foundation, Assolombarda and the museums are committed to redesigning the University of Milan by creating a system that guarantees a series of services to help foreign students and teachers in traffic jams bureaucrats of the residence permit and in the tax obligations, a discount card for the culture and various “transversal” agreements such as those of also starting interdisciplinary Phd between offices, to increase their impact.
Result: today Milan is the second destination chosen in Europe by Erasmus students, after Barcelona.
The “milanese” freshmen
The foreign university students are today in Milan about 12.300, 6.7 percent of the members, tripled compared to 2004. Attracting young people from abroad has become a requirement for Italian universities and departments aim at the masters and courses in English to internationalize , despite the protests of the Crusca.
At the Politecnico the “English speaking” magistrals have gone from 7 ( in 2006 ) to 35, and the foreigners registered are over two thousand, Humanitas, with the medicine in English, immediately sold out.
Only by direct payments, to attend master’s degrees and masters, “milanese” students pay more than 670 million euros a year, extra compared to ministerial funds, so that, where there is a university that attracts, the institutions invest for better infrastructures, which are used by all and university laboratories, carry patents, then technology and therefore potential innovation.
For example, Bocconi has opened, together with the Municipality and the Chamber of Commerce, a new “incubator“, reserved for young people who want to fund capital, but each university boasts its experiences, whether successful or not.
Milan thus becomes the city-experiment where more and more co-working faces, offices shared by freelance, open bars where a desk with wifi and coffee costs 200 euros per month; Palazzo Marino invests in spaces for creatives inside the former Ansaldo; or even the locals promote “work and brunch” on Sundays or evenings like the InternationalWeek and the Just Wine of Old Fashion Milano.
But, of course, not all that glitters is gold and the boom in business around the university has also produced a surge in rental prices for housing, which in many cases are inaccessible to students.
Statale and Bicocca can answer 60 percent of the demand for rents at moderate prices, the Catholic 70, Bocconi 56, the Polytechnic – which has the largest number of requests – only 35.
Otherwise the city, burned 200 thousand jobs in the manufacturing sector, in the last thirty years, but has conquered 200 thousand students and the university has been the engine of the greatest urban transformations of the last period: the outskirts of the former factories have been occupied by teaching.
It happened in Bicocca, between 1991 and ’99, with the departments of the Statale that took the spaces of what was once the vastness of Pirelli, and it happened in Bovisa, where from 1992 to 2008 the Polytechnic has filled with designers the streets degraded to the disappearance of Montecatini and other companies.
It replaced the workforce of the workers, with the students and their excellence and today the university students in Milan are 13.6 percent of the total number of residents.
font: ( l’Espresso )